Popular House Plants: How to Identify and Care for Houseplants, A-Z Guide

If you are a plant enthusiast, have lots of plants in your home or office or a beginner who wants to know more about them, you are at the right place! Here you can know about houseplants in terms of their broader respective categories, botanical names, how to care tips, photos, facts you don’t know about houseplants and almost everything that you want to know about them! These common houseplants here are listed as per alphabetical common names and on the same page, you can find information on their habitat and care. You can also find some handy tips as well as instructions for your houseplants so that you could see them develop and nurture in their full glory!

All you need to do is to click on the name of the plant and the link will direct you to the respective page. This house plants encyclopedia is your one-stop guide on how to identify and care for houseplants. Since all these houseplants are photographed and tagged, you can also identify houseplants by their photographs.

Varieties of Houseplants:

  • Woody Plants: Shrubs, sub-shrubs and lianas are classified as woody plants. Woody plants can easily be recognized due to their thick stem with a bark. Such plants go into dormant season during winters. However, the shrubs that don’t grow up to be much taller are often mistaken to be herbaceous plants.
  • Aquatic Plants: As the name suggests, plants that have leaves floating in water, are merged or submerged in water are called as aquatic plants. The leaves usually have a wax surface on them that are meant to withstand being constantly merged / submerged in water. The plants in this category can be amphibious too, which means that they can survive on land for some time as well just in case if they are stranded in the water.
  • Grass-Like Plants: Plants that have grass-like leaves are categorized under this section. Leaves are often in the shape of narrow blades. The stem is covered with a tubular sheath and the flowers are very small. Some grass-like plants have showy flowers and they shouldn’t be confused with original grass-like plants.
  • Orchid et al: Little Orchid, monocots, and irises are covered in this section. Seedlings grow from a single embryo leaf and plants have leaves that are placed parallel.  The flowers grow in the multiples of 3.  However, please note that grass is also monocot but apart from this, there is no other similarity that could make it close to this segment.
  • Ferns: Lycopods, horsetails, ferns and quillworts come under this section. The plants can easily be recognized by their frilly and highly sharp as well as dissected leaves. The plants have spores arranged in discernible structures called sporangia and spore cones.
  • Non-Woody Plants: Asters and other plants have showy flowers in the multiples of 4-5 and don’t have parallel leaves. However, there is large species that has narrow species but one blade vein that also comes under this section. This class encompasses flowers that vary widely in characteristics. Hence, it becomes quite difficult to recognize the members of the family.

Popular Houseplants in Alphabetical Order: You Can Identify Plants By Yourself :)


  1. Aluminum Plant or Watermelon Pilea
  2. Arrowhead Plant
  3. Aloe Vera
  4. Asparagus Fern
  5. African Violet
  6. Areca Palm
  7. Aralia Plant
  8. Azalea
  9. African Mask Plant / Elephant Ear Plant
  10. Amaryllis


  1. Baby’s Tears
  2. Bird’s Nest Fern
  3. Boston Fern
  4. Brake Fern
  5. Button Fern
  6. Bamboo Palm
  7. Begonia
  8. Bird of Paradise
  9. Bleeding Heart Vine Plant
  10. Bromeliad
  11. Bougainvillea Plant


  1. Caladium
  2. California Pitcher Plant
  3. Cape Sundew
  4. Cardboard Plant
  5. Cast Iron Plant
  6. Cat Palm Tree
  7. China Doll Plant
  8. Chinese Evergreen Plant
  9. Coffee Plant
  10. Indoor Corn Plant
  11. Croton Plant


  1. Dragon Tree
  2. Dumb Cane
  3. Dutch Iris Bulbs
  4. Daffodils
  5. Dwarf Chenille Plant